Ilyushin IL-2 Sturmovik - Soviet ground-attack aircraft


Ilyushin IL-2 Sturmovik - Soviet ground-attack aircraft The Ilyushin Il-2 (Cyrillic: Илью́шин Ил-2) Sturmovik was a ground-attack aircraft (Cyrillic: Штурмови́к, Šturmovík) produced by the Soviet Union in large numbers during the Second World War. With 36,183 examples of the Il-2 produced during the war, and in combination with its successor, the Ilyushin Il-10, a total of 42,330 were built, making it the single most produced military aircraft design in aviation history, as well as one of the most produced piloted aircraft in history along with the American postwar civilian Cessna 172 and the Soviet Union's own then-contemporary Polikarpov Po-2 Kukuruznik multipurpose biplane, itself sometimes seen side-by-side with the big armored Ilyushin monoplane on the front lines. To Il-2 pilots, the aircraft was simply the diminutive "Ilyusha". To the soldiers on the ground, it was the "Hunchback", the "Flying Tank" or the "Flying Infantryman". Its postwar NATO reporting name was "Bark". The Il-2 aircraft played a crucial role on the Eastern Front. Joseph Stalin paid the Il-2 a great tribute in his own inimitable manner: when a particular production factory fell behind on its deliveries, Stalin sent an angrily worded cable to the factory manager, stating "They are as essential to the Red Army as air and bread." "I demand more machines. This is my final warning!" Ил-2 (по кодификации НАТО: Bark) — советский штурмовик времён Великой Отечественной войны, созданный в ОКБ-240 под руководством Сергея Владимировича Ильюшина. Самый массовый боевой самолёт в истории, было выпущено более 36 тысяч штук. Конструкторы называли разработанный ими самолёт «летающим танком», также существуют утверждения, что солдаты вермахта называли его «чумой» (нем. Schwarzer Tod, дословно: «чёрная смерть»). Ил-2 принимал участие в боях на всех театрах военных действий Великой Отечественной войны, а также в Советско-японской войне. В феврале 1941 года началось серийное производство (приказ А. И. Шахурина № 739 от 14.12.1940). Первые серийные Ил-2 изготовлены в феврале 1941 года в Воронеже на заводе № 18 (в ноябре 1941 года завод эвакуирован в Куйбышев). Ил-2 серийно производился на авиационных заводах № 1 и № 18 в городе Куйбышеве, на авиационном заводе № 30 в городе Москве. Из общего количества Ил-2 (36183 шт.) 74 % произведено в Куйбышеве (26888 шт.). Некоторое время в течение 1941—1942 годов самолёт выпускался заводом № 381 в Ленинграде и Нижнем Тагиле. Прототип — БШ-2 (Заводское наименование ЦКБ-55) совершил первый полёт 2 октября 1939 года (лётчик-испытатель В. К. Коккинаки).



hotspur666
Recipient of the "Hero of the Soviet Union", T. Kuznetsov, survived the crash of his Il-2 in 1942 when shot down returning from a reconnaissance mission. Kuznetsov escaped from the wreck and hid nearby. To his surprise, a German Bf 109 fighter landed near the crash site and the pilot began to investigate the wrecked Il-2, possibly to assist Kuznetsov, or to look for souvenirs. Thinking quickly, Kuznetsov ran to the German fighter and used it to fly home, barely avoiding being shot down by Soviet fighters in the process.[21]
Vincent Mondello
We all would be speaking German without the Russian sacrifice. Thanks Ivan.
Marvak
Ilyushin IL-2 Also known as "Flying Tank" or "Flying Panzer" or "Schwarzer Tod" in Deutch.
Peter Opitz
Panzerknacker und Schlachtflieger schlecht hin und das erste seiner Art und Klasse.
PanteraSAWT
Что интересно, на видео частенько в начале ИЛ-10.
alterdestiny
Something tells me that these pilots must have flown literally hundreds of missions
BlackGoose2
Amazing!
Marko Popovic
wwii - the birth of a new time
МАЙК САХАРОВ
sound
shane moore
Hartmann thought these planes were a joke, he tallied up a lot of his over 350 kills on these flying coffins, a lot of women were trained to fly these
Jules Nagy
Several times I was on the receiving end of this beautiful plane. I watched the bombs released and fell between the machine gun strafing. Luckily I made it without a scratch.